Chesapeake Blue Crab
Callinectes Sapidus "beautiful, savory swimmer"
Found from Nova Scotia to Uruguay, the blue crab thrives in rivers, sounds, and Atlantic shore waters. They are fished commercially and recreationally in the United States from southern New England to Florida and along the Gulf coast to Texas. The blue crab population in Chesapeake Bay is considered to be a single stock, and is distributed throughout the Bay and its tributaries. Each year, scientists use the winter dredge survey to measure the Chesapeake Bay’s blue crab population. Maryland and Virginia scientists visit 1,500 sites over the course of three and a half months, using metal dredges to pull up and count crabs over-wintering in the mud. According to the results of the 2019 survey, 594 million blue crabs are estimated to be living in the Bay.